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1 – Unit 201 – Safeguarding and Protection in Care Settings

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1.1 Explain the term safeguarding

The term “safeguarding” refers to the practice of preventing harm to children, young adults, and other vulnerable adults. It entails shielding people from harmful influences like abuse, exploitation, or neglect by taking steps to lessen the likelihood of harm and acting sensibly when danger is detected. Child protection policies and procedures, whistleblowing processes for employees who suspect abuse or neglect, health and safety regulations in schools, and care homes, etc., online safety protocols for the use of social media, etc., are all examples of the broad range of topics covered by the term “safeguarding.”

The primary goal of safeguarding is to ensure that individuals are kept free from physical and emotional harm by the organisations that employ them. This is accomplished by formulating organisational policy, which specifies the parameters within which employees are expected to operate (e.g., code of conduct). Risks can arise from various sources, so it’s important to put measures in place for reporting incidents of abuse, enforcing safety guidelines, and educating staff on how to recognise and respond to potential dangers.

The protection of children and other vulnerable people cannot be ensured solely through legislative action; rather, it calls for the active participation of individuals and communities. As a result, any preventative measures implemented must incorporate channels through which service recipients can voice concerns or report incidents that may indicate a risk (e.g., reporting buttons on websites). In addition, employees should be given the information they need to protect the people they work with (i.e., by recognising patterns that might suggest neglect or abuse) through regular supervision checks, when necessary, or by attending relevant training, when available, which will help to reduce the likelihood of any harm occurring.

In order to keep people safe from harm, safeguards must be in place. Service providers and their employees have an obligation to take all reasonable measures to protect the well-being of those who rely on them. Every effort should be made to ensure that people who are particularly vulnerable are able to feel safe, respected, and valued in their environments, whether that means learning how to create a safe environment, creating and enforcing policy through training or supervision, or making it easy for people to report any issues.

Other answers in the full document:

  • 1.2 Explain own role and responsibilities in safeguarding individuals
  • 1.3 Define the following terms:
    a) Physical abuse
    b) Domestic abuse
    c) Sexual abuse
    d) Emotional/psychological abuse
    e) Financial/material abuse
    f) Modern slavery
    g) Discriminatory abuse
    h) Institutional/organisational abuse
    i) Self-neglect
    j) Neglect by others
  • 1.4 Describe harm
  • 1.5 Describe restrictive practices
  • 2.1 Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each of the following types of abuse:
    a. Physical abuse
    b. Domestic abuse
    c. Sexual abuse
    d. Emotional/psychological abuse
    e. Financial/material abuse
    f. Modern slavery
    g. Discriminatory abuse
    h. Institutional/organisational abuse
    i. Self-neglect
    j. Neglect by others
  • 2.2 Describe factors that may contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to abuse
  • 3.1 Explain the actions to take if there are suspicions that an individual is being abused
  • 3.2 Explain the actions to take if an individual alleges that they are being abused
  • 3.3 Identify ways to ensure that evidence of abuse is preserved
  • 4.1 Identify relevant legislation, national policies and local systems that relate to safeguarding and protection from abuse
  • 4.2 Explain the roles of different agencies in safeguarding and protecting individuals from abuse
  • 4.3 Identify factors which have featured in reports into serious cases of abuse and neglect
  • 4.4 Identify sources of information and advice about own role in safeguarding and protecting individuals from abuse, including whistleblowing
  • 4.5 Identify when to seek support in situations beyond your experience and expertise
  • 5.1 Explain how the likelihood of abuse may be reduced by:
    a) Working with person centred values
    b) Encouraging active participation
    c) Promoting choice and rights
    d) Supporting individuals with awareness of personal safety
  • 5.2 Explain the importance of an accessible complaints procedure for reducing the likelihood of abuse
  • 5.3 Outline how the likelihood of abuse can be reduced by managing risk and focusing on prevention
  • 6.1 Describe unsafe practices that may affect the well-Being of individuals
  • 6.2 Explain the actions to take if unsafe practices have been identified
  • 6.3 Describe the actions to take if suspected abuse or unsafe practices have been reported but nothing has been done in response
  • 7.1 Describe the potential risks presented by:
    a) The use of electronic communication devices
    b) The use of the internet
    c) The use of social networking sites
    d) Carrying out financial transactions online
  • 7.2 Explain ways of reducing the risks presented by each of these types of activity
  • 7.3 Explain the importance of balancing measures for online safety against the benefits to individuals of using electronic systems and devices

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