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10 – HSC CM1: Equality, Diversity and Rights in Health and Social Care

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1.1.     Define the terms:


In order to achieve true equality, we must meet the requirements of each individual. In a society based on equality, everyone has the same freedoms and duties. Equality in healthcare is that all people, irrespective of their age, ethnicity, physical state, or any other factors, have access to necessary medical care and support services.

Different areas of health and social care, such as paediatrics and gerontology, exist, but all share a common goal: to help everyone who requires it.


Being different from others is part of what makes each person unique; diversity, on the other hand, is the practise of recognising and appreciating these distinctions.

We all have our own unique characteristics such as ages, sexual orientations, religious beliefs, skill sets, etc. Acceptance, tolerance, and the uninhibited flow of ideas result when people are allowed to express themselves freely. This is the essence of diversity.


For someone to feel included, they must feel like they are contributing to society in some significant way and are taking an active part in their community.

Everyone should feel like they belong in their local community and the larger society, and this can be achieved through inclusion. Inclusion promotes positive mental health by making individuals feel like they have a place in a functional system.


This refers to negative actions and unfair treatment directed at another individual or group based on the of bias or prejudice held toward them or their presumed differences from the target.

One form of discrimination is when a certain group of individuals are excluded from receiving a privilege or service because of their race, socioeconomic status, religious group, or ethnic background.

Other answers in the full document:

  • 1.2. Explain how rights are promoted in health and social care services.
  • 1.3. Discuss ethical dilemmas that may arise when balancing individual rights and duty of care
  • 2.1. Explain how to promote equality and support diversity.
  • 2.2. Describe how to challenge those not working inclusively in a way that promotes change
  • 2.3. Explain how to support others in promoting equality and rights
  • 3.1. Summarise legislation and codes of practice relating to equality, diversity, inclusion and discrimination.
  • 4.1. Evaluate the role of the health and social care practitioner in meeting individuals’ needs through inclusive practice

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