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2 – Unit 18: Cleaning, Decontamination and Waste Management

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1.1 State the general principles for environmental cleaning

The importance of cleaning, sterilisation, and disinfection cannot be overstated in the prevention of disease and infection. This process involves removing germs and dirt from all surfaces in the environment, both indoors and outdoors. In order to effectively eliminate dangerous microorganisms, it is essential to have an efficient cleaning routine in place. The method and materials used for cleaning will depend on the specific surfaces and areas being cleaned. By carefully choosing and maintaining a thorough cleaning routine, facilities can greatly reduce the risk of spreading infection.

In summary, the main principle behind effective environmental cleaning and disinfection is to minimise the risk of infection and keep everything as clean as possible. This involves physically removing trash, dirt, and other materials and using appropriate cleaning and disinfectant products. It is important to follow applicable laws, company policies, and guidelines and to properly train staff on the use of cleaning and disinfection products. By implementing a thorough and effective cleaning routine, we can help to create a safe and healthy environment for all.

In order to prevent the spread of infection, it is important to properly dispose of disinfectants and detergents after each use. This includes any leftover product. Additionally, it is crucial to avoid techniques that produce or spread dust, moisture, or aerosols, such as spraying, dusting, or dry sweeping. These methods can be ineffective and can actually contribute to the spread of germs and bacteria. Instead, we use methods that are proven to be effective and safe, such as using appropriate cleaning and disinfection products and properly disposing of them after each use.

Other answers in the full document:

  • 1.2 Explain the purpose of cleaning schedules
  • 1.3 Describe how the correct management of the environment minimises the spread of infection
  • 1.4 Explain the reason for the national policy for colour coding of cleaning equipment
  • 2.1 Describe the three steps of the decontamination process
  • 2.2 Describe how and when cleaning agents are used
  • 2.3 Describe how and when disinfecting agents are used
  • 2.4 Explain the role of personal protective equipment (PPE) during the decontamination process
  • 2.5 Explain the concept of risk in dealing with specific types of contamination
  • 2.6 Explain how the level of risk determines the type of agent that may be used to decontaminate
  • 2.7 Describe how equipment should be cleaned and stored
  • 3.1 Identify the different categories of waste and the associated risks
  • 3.2 Explain how to dispose of the different types of waste safely and without risk to others
  • 3.3 Explain how waste should be stored prior to collection
  • 3.4 Identify the legal responsibilities in relation to waste management
  • 3.5 State how to reduce the risk of sharps injury

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