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2 – Unit 201 – Safeguarding and Protection in Care Settings

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1.1 Explain the term safeguarding

The 2014 Care Act’s statutory guidance defines safeguarding as defending a person’s right to live safely without experiencing abuse or neglect. Care providers and institutions/organisations must collaborate to reduce the risk and experience of abuse and neglect while also ensuring that the well-being of the adult is promoted, including, where appropriate, taking into account their opinions, feelings, wishes, and beliefs when deciding on any course of action. They must understand that adults occasionally have complicated interpersonal relationships and may be conflicted, unsure, or pessimistic about their own lives. In general, the Care Act highlighted the following categories of people who need to be protected:

  • Individuals that are experiencing or at risk of abuse and neglect.
  • Individuals who are unable to secure themselves from abuse and neglect.
  • Individuals who have the need for care and support.

According to the Care Act of 2014, local governments must establish a safeguarding adult board, provide independent advocates for vulnerable individuals as needed, and conduct inquiries to determine whether any additional action is necessary when there is a suspicion of abuse or neglect.

Safeguarding is, therefore, the process of preventing harm to those who are already vulnerable and lessening the likelihood of abuse and neglect. This can be accomplished by encouraging weaker people to be more aware of their rights and by defending them when they are unable to do so for themselves because of certain situations or conditions.

By law, all health and social care institutions are required to have a policy and procedure in place for the protection of service user.

Other answers in the full document:

  • 1.2 Explain own role and responsibilities in safeguarding individuals
  • 1.3 Define the following terms:
    a) Physical abuse
    b) Domestic abuse
    c) Sexual abuse
    d) Emotional/psychological abuse
    e) Financial/material abuse
    f) Modern slavery
    g) Discriminatory abuse
    h) Institutional/organisational abuse
    i) Self-neglect
    j) Neglect by others
  • 1.4 Describe harm
  • 1.5 Describe restrictive practices
  • 2.1 Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each of the following types of abuse:
    a. Physical abuse
    b. Domestic abuse
    c. Sexual abuse
    d. Emotional/psychological abuse
    e. Financial/material abuse
    f. Modern slavery
    g. Discriminatory abuse
    h. Institutional/organisational abuse
    i. Self-neglect
    j. Neglect by others
  • 2.2 Describe factors that may contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to abuse
  • 3.1 Explain the actions to take if there are suspicions that an individual is being abused
  • 3.2 Explain the actions to take if an individual alleges that they are being abused
  • 3.3 Identify ways to ensure that evidence of abuse is preserved
  • 4.1 Identify relevant legislation, national policies and local systems that relate to safeguarding and protection from abuse
  • 4.2 Explain the roles of different agencies in safeguarding and protecting individuals from abuse
  • 4.3 Identify factors which have featured in reports into serious cases of abuse and neglect
  • 4.4 Identify sources of information and advice about own role in safeguarding and protecting individuals from abuse, including whistleblowing
  • 4.5 Identify when to seek support in situations beyond your experience and expertise
  • 5.1 Explain how the likelihood of abuse may be reduced by:
    a) Working with person centred values
    b) Encouraging active participation
    c) Promoting choice and rights
    d) Supporting individuals with awareness of personal safety
  • 5.2 Explain the importance of an accessible complaints procedure for reducing the likelihood of abuse
  • 5.3 Outline how the likelihood of abuse can be reduced by managing risk and focusing on prevention
  • 6.1 Describe unsafe practices that may affect the well-Being of individuals
  • 6.2 Explain the actions to take if unsafe practices have been identified
  • 6.3 Describe the actions to take if suspected abuse or unsafe practices have been reported but nothing has been done in response
  • 7.1 Describe the potential risks presented by:
    a) The use of electronic communication devices
    b) The use of the internet
    c) The use of social networking sites
    d) Carrying out financial transactions online
  • 7.2 Explain ways of reducing the risks presented by each of these types of activity
  • 7.3 Explain the importance of balancing measures for online safety against the benefits to individuals of using electronic systems and devices

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