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5 – HSC CM1: Equality, Diversity and Rights in Health and Social Care

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1.1.     Define the terms:

  • Equality
  • Diversity
  • Inclusion
  • Discrimination


Equality can be defined as a way of treating people well or fairly and understanding the value of each individual. It also entails ensuring that all individuals have the same opportunities and rights to live better lives and develop their full potential through various means, such as learning a skill or engaging in other activities that would make them equal.

Equality can be practised not only among service users, family members, and friends but also among health workers or care workers working in health and social care services, various organisations, and voluntary organisations.


Diversity can be defined as recognising that each individual is unique and special in their own way. Recognizing each individual’s differences and specialities allows for the exchange of different ideas and points of view, as well as a way for each individual to participate in the development of culture. In diversity, everyone is accepted regardless of their individual differences and specialities such as include age, religion, sexual orientation, physical characteristics, and personality, among other things.


Inclusion can be defined as having a significant function in society, as well as a way of receiving assistance, feeling appreciated, and creating a good reason for well-being. Inclusion is more than just being a part of a group or a system; it is about being fully integrated. And having a true sense of belonging.


Discrimination is defined as the harmful or unfair treatment of people or individuals. Discrimination usually occurs as a result of individual specialities and differences, which can lead to low self-esteem, not expecting much from life, and lowering the state of individual mental and physical well-being.

Other answers in the full document:

  • 1.2. Explain how rights are promoted in health and social care services.
  • 1.3. Discuss ethical dilemmas that may arise when balancing individual rights and duty of care
  • 2.1. Explain how to promote equality and support diversity.
  • 2.2. Describe how to challenge those not working inclusively in a way that promotes change
  • 2.3. Explain how to support others in promoting equality and rights
  • 3.1. Summarise legislation and codes of practice relating to equality, diversity, inclusion and discrimination.
  • 4.1. Evaluate the role of the health and social care practitioner in meeting individuals’ needs through inclusive practice

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