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6 – HSC CM2: Human Growth and Development

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1.1. Identify the life stages of human development.

The life stages of human development are:

  • Infancy (0-2)
  • Childhood (3-10)
  • Adolescence (11-17)
  • Early adulthood(18-29)
  • Middle adulthood(30-60)
  • Late adulthood(60 and above)

During infancy, babies learn to develop physical skills such as lifting their heads and turning over. At this time, the infant depends on carers for even the simplest task, such as lifting their head. They also start to develop social and emotional skills, such as attachment and bonding with caregivers. By the end of infancy, they should have gained coordinated body movements and started to develop language skills.

During childhood, children continue to develop physically, emotionally, and socially. They learn to walk, talk, and start to understand the world around them. They also develop relationships with family and friends.

During adolescence, teenagers go through many changes, both physically and emotionally. They may start to rebel against authority figures and explore their own identities. They also develop sexual feelings and interests.

Early adulthood
During early adulthood, young adults start to establish themselves independently. They may move out of their parent’s homes, start careers, and form intimate relationships.

Middle adulthood
During middle adulthood, adults typically settle into their careers and roles in families and communities. They may also experience some significant life changes, such as divorce or the death of a loved one.

Late adulthood
During late adulthood, elders may retire from their careers and experience declining physical and mental health. They may also lose loved ones and face their own mortality.

Other answers in the full document:

  • 1.2. Describe social, emotional, cognitive and physical developments within each life stage.
  • 2.1. Describe theories of human growth and development.
  • 3.1. Explain significant life events that can occur within each stage of human development.
  • 3.2. Analyse the impact that significant life events have on individuals.

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