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8 – HSC CM1: Equality, Diversity and Rights in Health and Social Care

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1.1.     Define the terms:


For true equality to exist, people’s preferences and desires must be considered and executed consistently across all circumstances.

When we talk about fairness, we must ensure that everyone, regardless of health conditions, skin colour, or sexual orientation, has equal chances in life. Every public venue should have wheelchair access and accessible parking, everyone should know basic sign language, and all programmes should have an interpreter for the deaf and hard of hearing. 


Recognizing the individuality of each person while appreciating their individual variances is what is meant by diversity.

Individuals differ from one another in many aspects, including personality, background, philosophy, abilities and limitations, cultural and linguistic backgrounds, professional fields, and other factors all contribute to our uniqueness.


When implemented, it guarantees that everybody in the organization or community is given the same respect and consideration irrespective of their individual characteristics. Since inclusion depends on the presence of both equality and diversity, the two concepts are inextricably linked. If others don’t include someone in a team effort or judgment because they don’t consider that person to be a member of the group, that person will likely feel unwelcome and irrelevant.


When people are treated differently based on false assumptions about who they are, we call this Discrimination. It refers to a negative attitude against a group of people based on preconceived notions or historical biases. People can be afflicted or disadvantaged due to societal norms and practices.

Workers in the health and social sectors have a responsibility to uphold the principle of individuality in care by ensuring that all service users are given equal consideration, are actively involved in decisions about their own treatment, and have access to all of their rights.

Other answers in the full document:

  • 1.2. Explain how rights are promoted in health and social care services.
  • 1.3. Discuss ethical dilemmas that may arise when balancing individual rights and duty of care
  • 2.1. Explain how to promote equality and support diversity.
  • 2.2. Describe how to challenge those not working inclusively in a way that promotes change
  • 2.3. Explain how to support others in promoting equality and rights
  • 3.1. Summarise legislation and codes of practice relating to equality, diversity, inclusion and discrimination.
  • 4.1. Evaluate the role of the health and social care practitioner in meeting individuals’ needs through inclusive practice

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