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8 – HSC CM3: Safeguarding in Health and Social Care

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1.1 Explain what is meant by safeguarding.

To safeguard is to take measures to prevent harm, abuse, or exploitation from coming to an individual. It entails protecting people from all kinds of abuse, exploitation, violence, and other harm. Protecting individuals from potential threats is another aspect of safeguarding.

Abuse and exploitation come in a wide variety of forms, and they can strike at any time. Abuse can happen to anybody, including loved ones, friends, romantic partners, caregivers, professionals, and even total strangers. Keep in mind that abuse can come from anyone, regardless of age, gender, colour, religion, or socioeconomic standing. One can protect oneself and others from harm in a variety of different ways:

  • Concerns should be reported to the proper authorities.
  • Understanding how to see the warning signs of exploitation and abuse
  • The ability to reach out to others for assistance and support
  • Getting help from a professional if you or someone else is being abused or has been abused.

Precautionary measures should always be taken. When someone’s safety is in jeopardy, it’s vital to raise the alarm and seek assistance.

Other answers in the full document:

  • 1.2 Explain how safeguarding:
    – Keeps individuals safe
    – Value individual needs
    – Protects individuals
  • 1.3. Explain how Health and social care practitioners can take steps to safeguard themselves.
  • 2.1. Summarise current legislation in relation to safeguarding.
  • 2.2. Describe the relationship between legislation, policy and procedure.
  • 2.3. Identify policy and procedures in relation to safeguarding.
  • 3.1. Explain factors that may contribute to an individual being vulnerable to harm or abuse
  • 4.1. Describe signs, symptoms, indicators and behaviours that may cause concern relating to:
    – Physical abuse
    – Sexual abuse
    – Domestic abuse
    – Emotional abuse
    – Neglect
  • 5.1. Explain the boundaries of confidentiality in relation to the safeguarding, protection and welfare of individuals
  • 6.1. Evaluate the role and responsibilities of the health and social care practitioner in relation to safeguarding individuals.

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